Section 1: User Commands

2 4 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [
Section index

2

2csv(1)
convert xml documents in a flat format
2html(1)
convert xml documents in a flat format
2to3(1)
Python2 to Python3 converter
2to3-2.7(1)
Python2 to Python3 converter
2to3-3.4(1)
Python2 to Python3 converter
2xml(1)
convert xml documents in a flat format

4

411toppm(1)
convert Sony Mavica .411 image to ppm

A

a2p(1)
Awk to Perl translator
a2query(1)
retrieve runtime configuration from a local Apache 2 H...
ab(1)
Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool
aclocal(1)
manual page for aclocal 1.14.1
aclocal-1.11(1)
manual page for aclocal 1.11.6
aclocal-1.14(1)
manual page for aclocal 1.14.1
acpi_available(1)
test whether ACPI subsystem is available
addr2line(1)
convert addresses into file names and line numbers.
alsa_in(1)
Jack clients that perform I/O with an alternate audio ...
alsa_out(1)
Jack clients that perform I/O with an alternate audio ...
ambiguous_words(1)
generate sets of words Tesseract is likely to find amb...
animate(1)
animates an image or image sequence on any X server.
animate-im6(1)
animates an image or image sequence on any X server.
anytopnm(1)
attempt to convert an unknown type of image file to a ...
apm_available(1)
test whether APM subsystem is available
apropos(1)
search the manual page names and descriptions
apt-extracttemplates(1)
Utility to extract debconf config and templates fr...
apt-file(1)
APT package searching utility - command-line interface
apt-ftparchive(1)
Utility to generate index files
apt-sortpkgs(1)
Utility to sort package index files
aptitude-create-state-bundle(1)
bundle the current aptitude state
aptitude-run-state-bundle(1)
unpack an aptitude state bundle and invoke ap...
ar(1)
create, modify, and extract from archives
arch(1)
print machine hardware name (same as uname -m)
as(1)
the portable GNU assembler.
asciitopgm(1)
convert ASCII graphics into a portable graymap
asn1parse(1ssl)
ASN.1 parsing tool
aspell(1)
interactive spell checker
aspell-import(1)
import old personal dictionaries into GNU Aspell
atktopbm(1)
convert Andrew Toolkit raster object to portable bitmap
authpasswd(1)
Generate login passwords
authtest(1)
Test the Courier Authentication Library
autoconf(1)
Generate configuration scripts
autoexpect(1)
generate an Expect script from watching a session
autogsdoc(1)
GNUstep API documentation generator and XML->HTML conv...
autoheader(1)
Create a template header for configure
autom4te(1)
Generate files and scripts thanks to M4
automake(1)
manual page for automake 1.14.1
automake-1.11(1)
manual page for automake 1.11.6
automake-1.14(1)
manual page for automake 1.14.1
autopoint(1)
copies standard gettext infrastructure
autoreconf(1)
Update generated configuration files
autoscan(1)
Generate a preliminary configure.in
autoupdate(1)
Update a configure.in to a newer Autoconf
awk(1)
pattern scanning and processing language

B

base64(1)
base64 encode/decode data and print to standard output
basename(1)
strip directory and suffix from filenames
bash(1)
GNU Bourne-Again SHell
bash-builtins(7)
bash built-in commands, see bash(1)
bashbug(1)
report a bug in bash
bc(1)
An arbitrary precision calculator language
berkeley_db5.3_svc(1)
Berkeley DB RPC server
berkeley_db_svc(1)
Berkeley DB RPC server
biff(1)
"be notified if mail arrives and who it is from"
bioradtopgm(1)
convert a Biorad confocal file into a portable graymap
bison(1)
GNU Project parser generator (yacc replacement)
bison.yacc(1)
GNU Project parser generator
bmptopnm(1)
convert a BMP file into a portable anymap
bmptoppm(1)
convert a BMP file into a portable anymap
bookman(1)
Generate a book from man pages
brushtopbm(1)
convert a doodle brush file into a portable bitmap
bsd-from(1)
print names of those who have sent mail
bsd-write(1)
send a message to another user
builtins(7)
bash built-in commands, see bash(1)
bunzip2(1)
a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.6
busctl(1)
Introspect the bus
busybox(1)
The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
bzcat(1)
decompresses files to stdout
bzcmp(1)
compare bzip2 compressed files
bzdiff(1)
compare bzip2 compressed files
bzegrep(1)
search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular e...
bzexe(1)
compress executable files in place
bzfgrep(1)
search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular e...
bzgrep(1)
search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular e...
bzip2(1)
a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.6
bzip2recover(1)
recovers data from damaged bzip2 files
bzless(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 compresse...
bzmore(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 compresse...

C

c++(1)
GNU project C and C++ compiler
c++filt(1)
Demangle C++ and Java symbols.
c2ph(1)
Dump C structures as generated from "cc - g - S" stabs
c89(1)
ANSI (1989) C compiler
c89-gcc(1)
ANSI (1989) C compiler
c99(1)
ANSI (1999) C compiler
c99-gcc(1)
ANSI (1999) C compiler
c_rehash(1ssl)
Create symbolic links to files named by the hash values
ca(1ssl)
sample minimal CA application
CA.pl(1ssl)
friendlier interface for OpenSSL certificate programs
cadaver(1)
A command-line WebDAV client for Unix.
cal(1)
displays a calendar and the date of Easter
calendar(1)
reminder service
capsh(1)
capability shell wrapper
captoinfo(1)
convert a termcap description into a terminfo description
cat(1)
concatenate files and print on the standard output
catchsegv(1)
Catch segmentation faults in programs
cc(1)
GNU project C and C++ compiler
cddbget(1)
gets CDDB info of a CD
cgm(1)
a client script for cgmanager
chacl(1)
change the access control list of a file or directory
chage(1)
change user password expiry information
chattr(1)
change file attributes on a Linux file system
chcon(1)
change file security context
check-module(1)
program to check gnulib modules.
chfn(1)
change real user name and information
chgrp(1)
change group ownership
chmod(1)
change file mode bits
chown(1)
change file owner and group
chrt(1)
manipulate the real-time attributes of a process
chsh(1)
change login shell
chvt(1)
change foreground virtual terminal
ciphers(1ssl)
SSL cipher display and cipher list tool.
cksum(1)
checksum and count the bytes in a file
clear(1)
clear the terminal screen
clear_console(1)
clear the console
cmp(1)
compare two files byte by byte
cms(1ssl)
CMS utility
cmuwmtopbm(1)
convert a CMU window manager bitmap into a portable bi...
cntraining(1)
character normalization training for Tesseract
codepage(1)
extract a codepage from an MSDOS codepage file
col(1)
filter reverse line feeds from input
colcrt(1)
filter nroff output for CRT previewing
colrm(1)
remove columns from a file
column(1)
columnate lists
combine_tessdata(1)
combine/extract/overwrite Tesseract data
comm(1)
compare two sorted files line by line
compare(1)
mathematically and visually annotate the difference be...
compare-im6(1)
mathematically and visually annotate the difference be...
compose(1)
execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
composite(1)
overlaps one image over another.
composite-im6(1)
overlaps one image over another.
config.guess(1)
guess the build system triplet
config.sub(1)
validate and canonicalize a configuration triplet
config_data(1p)
Query or change configuration of Perl modules
config_data.diverted(1)
Query or change configuration of Perl modules
conjure(1)
interprets and executes scripts written in the Magick ...
conjure-im6(1)
interprets and executes scripts written in the Magick ...
convert(1)
convert between image formats as well as resize an ima...
convert-im6(1)
convert between image formats as well as resize an ima...
corelist(1)
a commandline frontend to Module::CoreList
courier-config(1)
displays build configuration of the Courier Mail Server
courierlogger(1)
Courier syslog wrapper
couriertcpd(1)
the Courier mail server TCP server daemon
cp(1)
copy files and directories
cpan(1)
easily interact with CPAN from the command line
cpansign(1p)
CPAN signature management utility
cpio(1)
copy files to and from archives
crl(1ssl)
CRL utility
crl2pkcs7(1ssl)
Create a PKCS#7 structure from a CRL and certificates.
crontab(1)
maintain crontab files for individual users (Vixie Cron)
cryptdir(1)
encrypt/decrypt all files in a directory
csh(1)
C shell with file name completion and command line edi...
csplit(1)
split a file into sections determined by context lines
csv2(1)
convert xml documents in a flat format
curl(1)
transfer a URL
cut(1)
remove sections from each line of files
cvtenc(1)
file encoding converter

D

daisy-player(1)
player for DAISY Digital Talking Books or Audio-CD's
dash(1)
command interpreter (shell)
date(1)
print or set the system date and time
dawg2wordlist(1)
convert a Tesseract DAWG to a wordlist
db5.3_archive(1)
Find unused log files for archiving purposes
db5.3_checkpoint(1)
Periodically checkpoint transactions
db5.3_codegen(1)
generate application code for Berkeley DB
db5.3_deadlock(1)
Detect and abort deadlocks
db5.3_dump(1)
Write database to flat-text format
db5.3_hotbackup(1)
Create "hot backup" or "hot failover" snapshots
db5.3_load(1)
Load data from standard input
db5.3_printlog(1)
Dumps Berkeley DB log files in a human-readable format
db5.3_recover(1)
Restore the database to a consistent state
db5.3_stat(1)
Display statistics for Berkeley DB environments
db5.3_upgrade(1)
Upgrade the Berkeley DB version to the current release...
db5.3_verify(1)
Verifies the structure databases
db_archive(1)
Find unused log files for archiving purposes
db_checkpoint(1)
Periodically checkpoint transactions
db_codegen(1)
generate application code for Berkeley DB
db_deadlock(1)
Detect and abort deadlocks
db_dump(1)
Write database to flat-text format
db_hotbackup(1)
Create "hot backup" or "hot failover" snapshots
db_load(1)
Load data from standard input
db_printlog(1)
Dumps Berkeley DB log files in a human-readable format
db_recover(1)
Restore the database to a consistent state
db_stat(1)
Display statistics for Berkeley DB environments
db_upgrade(1)
Upgrade the Berkeley DB version to the current release...
db_verify(1)
Verifies the structure databases
dbus-cleanup-sockets(1)
clean up leftover sockets in a directory
dbus-daemon(1)
Message bus daemon
dbus-monitor(1)
debug probe to print message bus messages
dbus-run-session(1)
start a process as a new D-Bus session
dbus-send(1)
Send a message to a message bus
dbus-uuidgen(1)
Utility to generate UUIDs
dd(1)
convert and copy a file
deallocvt(1)
deallocate unused virtual consoles
deb-systemd-helper(1p)
subset of systemctl for machines not running systemd
deb-systemd-invoke(1p)
wrapper around systemctl, respecting policy-rc.d
debconf(1)
run a debconf-using program
debconf-apt-progress(1)
install packages using debconf to display a progre...
debconf-communicate(1)
communicate with debconf
debconf-copydb(1)
copy a debconf database
debconf-escape(1)
helper when working with debconf's escape capability
debconf-get-selections(1)
output contents of debconf database
debconf-getlang(1)
extract a language from a templates file
debconf-loadtemplate(1)
load template file into debconf database
debconf-mergetemplate(1)
merge together multiple debconf template files
debconf-set-selections(1)
insert new values into the debconf database
debconf-show(1)
query the debconf database
debiandoc-sgml(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2dbk(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2dvi(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2html(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2info(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2latex(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2latexdvi(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2latexpdf(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2latexps(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2pdf(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2ps(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2texinfo(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2text(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2textov(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
debiandoc2wiki(1)
overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools
deborphan(1)
Orphaned package finder
debsums(1)
check the MD5 sums of installed Debian packages
debugapp(1)
A wrapper for openapp.
decryptdir(1)
encrypt/decrypt all files in a directory
defaults(1)
read or modify GNUstep user defaults
deliver(1)
Dovecot's local mail delivery agent
df(1)
report file system disk space usage
dgst(1ssl)
message digests
dh_autotools-dev_restoreconfig(1)
restore config.sub and config.guess
dh_autotools-dev_updateconfig(1)
update config.sub and config.guess
dh_bash-completion(1)
install bash completions for package
dh_installxmlcatalogs(1)
install and register XML catalog files
dh_pypy(1)
calculates PyPy dependencies, adds maintainer scripts ...
dh_python2(1)
calculates Python dependencies, adds maintainer script...
dh_python3(1)
calculates Python dependencies, adds maintainer script...
dhparam(1ssl)
DH parameter manipulation and generation
dialog(1)
display dialog boxes from shell scripts
diff(1)
compare files line by line
diff3(1)
compare three files line by line
diffindex-download(1)
Download utility for Debian Contents files
diffindex-rred(1)
Restricted restricted ed
dig(1)
DNS lookup utility
dir(1)
list directory contents
dir_colors(5)
configuration file for dircolors(1)
dircolors(1)
color setup for ls
dirname(1)
strip last component from file name
dislocate(1)
disconnect and reconnect processes
display(1)
displays an image or image sequence on any X server.
display-im6(1)
displays an image or image sequence on any X server.
dlltool(1)
Create files needed to build and use DLLs.
dmesg(1)
print or control the kernel ring buffer
dnsdomainname(1)
show the system's DNS domain name
domainname(1)
show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name
dotlock(1)
lock mail spool files.
dotlock.mailutils(1)
lock mail spool files.
dotlockfile(1)
Utility to manage lockfiles
doveadm(1)
Dovecot's administration utility
doveadm-altmove(1)
Move matching mails to the alternative storage (dbox-o...
doveadm-auth(1)
Test authentication for a user
doveadm-batch(1)
Execute multiple commands for multiple users
doveadm-config(1)
Dovecot's configuration dumping utility
doveadm-copy(1)
Copy messages matching the given search query into ano...
doveadm-deduplicate(1)
expunge duplicate messages
doveadm-director(1)
Manage Dovecot directors
doveadm-dump(1)
Dump the content of Dovecot's binary mailbox index/log
doveadm-exec(1)
easily execute commands from Dovecot's libexec_dir
doveadm-expunge(1)
Expunge messages matching given search query
doveadm-fetch(1)
Fetch partial/full messages or message information
doveadm-flags(1)
add, remove or replace messages' flags
doveadm-force-resync(1)
Repair broken mailboxes
doveadm-help(1)
Show information about doveadm commands
doveadm-import(1)
Import messages matching given search query
doveadm-index(1)
Index mailboxes
doveadm-instance(1)
Manage the list of running Dovecot instances
doveadm-kick(1)
Disconnect users by user name and/or IP address
doveadm-log(1)
Locate, test or reopen Dovecot's log files
doveadm-mailbox(1)
Commands related to handling mailboxes
doveadm-mount(1)
Manage the list of mountpoints where mails are stored
doveadm-move(1)
Move messages matching the given search query into ano...
doveadm-penalty(1)
Show current penalties
doveadm-purge(1)
Remove messages with refcount=0 from mdbox files
doveadm-pw(1)
Dovecot's password hash generator
doveadm-quota(1)
Initialize/recalculate or show current quota usage
doveadm-reload(1)
Dovecot's administration utility
doveadm-search(1)
Show a list of mailbox GUIDs and message UIDs matching...
doveadm-stop(1)
Dovecot's administration utility
doveadm-user(1)
Perform a user lookup in Dovecot's userdbs
doveadm-who(1)
Show who is logged in to the Dovecot server
doveconf(1)
Dovecot's configuration dumping utility
dovecot(1)
a secure and highly configurable IMAP and POP3 server
dovecot-lda(1)
Dovecot's local mail delivery agent
dpipe(1)
bi-directional pipe command
dpkg(1)
package manager for Debian
dpkg-architecture(1)
set and determine the architecture for package building
dpkg-buildflags(1)
returns build flags to use during package build
dpkg-buildpackage(1)
build binary or source packages from sources
dpkg-checkbuilddeps(1)
check build dependencies and conflicts
dpkg-deb(1)
Debian package archive (.deb) manipulation tool
dpkg-distaddfile(1)
add entries to debian/files
dpkg-genchanges(1)
generate Debian .changes files
dpkg-gencontrol(1)
generate Debian control files
dpkg-gensymbols(1)
generate symbols files (shared library dependency info...
dpkg-maintscript-helper(1)
works around known dpkg limitations in maintain...
dpkg-mergechangelogs(1)
3-way merge of debian/changelog files
dpkg-name(1)
rename Debian packages to full package names
dpkg-parsechangelog(1)
parse Debian changelog files
dpkg-query(1)
a tool to query the dpkg database
dpkg-scanpackages(1)
create Packages index files
dpkg-scansources(1)
create Sources index files
dpkg-shlibdeps(1)
generate shared library substvar dependencies
dpkg-source(1)
Debian source package (.dsc) manipulation tool
dpkg-split(1)
Debian package archive split/join tool
dpkg-trigger(1)
a package trigger utility
dpkg-vendor(1)
queries information about distribution vendors
dsa(1ssl)
DSA key processing
dsaparam(1ssl)
DSA parameter manipulation and generation
dselect(1)
Debian package management frontend
dss1(1ssl)
message digests
dsync(1)
Dovecot's mailbox synchronization utility
du(1)
estimate file space usage
dumpkeys(1)
dump keyboard translation tables
dvipdf(1)
Convert TeX DVI file to PDF using ghostscript and dvips
dwp(1)
The DWARF packaging utility

E

eBook-speaker(1)
read aloud eBooks and other text formats using a softw...
ebook-speaker(1)
read aloud eBooks and other text formats using a softw...
ec(1ssl)
EC key processing
echo(1)
display a line of text
ecparam(1ssl)
EC parameter manipulation and generation
ed(1)
line-oriented text editor
edit(1)
execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
editor(1)
Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
egrep(1)
print lines matching a pattern
eject(1)
eject removable media
elfedit(1)
Update the ELF header of ELF files.
enc(1ssl)
symmetric cipher routines
enc2xs(1)
- Perl Encode Module Generator
encode_keychange(1)
produce the KeyChange string for SNMPv3
env(1)
run a program in a modified environment
envsubst(1)
substitutes environment variables in shell format strings
eps2eps(1)
Ghostscript PostScript "distiller"
epsffit(1)
fit encapsulated PostScript file (EPSF) into constrain...
eqn(1)
format equations for troff or MathML
erb(1)
Ruby Templating
erb2.1(1)
Ruby Templating
errstr(1ssl)
lookup error codes
espeak(1)
A multi-lingual software speech synthesizer.
ex(1)
Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
expand(1)
convert tabs to spaces
expect(1)
programmed dialogue with interactive programs, Version 5
expect_autoexpect(1)
generate an Expect script from watching a session
expect_cryptdir(1)
encrypt/decrypt all files in a directory
expect_decryptdir(1)
encrypt/decrypt all files in a directory
expect_dislocate(1)
disconnect and reconnect processes
expect_kibitz(1)
allow two people to interact with one shell
expect_mkpasswd(1)
generate new password, optionally apply it to a user
expect_multixterm(1)
drive multiple xterms separately or together
expect_passmass(1)
change password on multiple machines
expect_tknewsbiff(1)
pop up a window when news appears
expect_unbuffer(1)
unbuffer output
expect_xkibitz(1)
allow multiple people to interact in an xterm
expiry(1)
check and enforce password expiration policy
expr(1)
evaluate expressions
extractres(1)
filter to extract resources from a PostScript document
eyuvtoppm(1)
convert a Berkeley YUV file to a portable pixmap file

F

factor(1)
factor numbers
faked(1)
daemon that remembers fake ownership/permissions of fi...
faked-sysv(1)
daemon that remembers fake ownership/permissions of fi...
faked-tcp(1)
daemon that remembers fake ownership/permissions of fi...
fakeroot(1)
run a command in an environment faking root privileges...
fakeroot-sysv(1)
run a command in an environment faking root privileges...
fakeroot-tcp(1)
run a command in an environment faking root privileges...
fallocate(1)
preallocate or deallocate space to a file
false(1)
do nothing, unsuccessfully
fc-cache(1)
build font information cache files
fc-cat(1)
read font information cache files
fc-list(1)
list available fonts
fc-match(1)
match available fonts
fc-pattern(1)
parse and show pattern
fc-query(1)
query font files
fc-scan(1)
scan font files or directories
fc-validate(1)
validate font files
fcrackzip(1)
a Free/Fast Zip Password Cracker
fcrackzipinfo(1)
display zip information
fetchmail(1)
fetch mail from a POP, IMAP, ETRN, or ODMR-capable server
fetchmailrc(1)
fetch mail from a POP, IMAP, ETRN, or ODMR-capable server
fgconsole(1)
print the number of the active VT.
fgrep(1)
print lines matching a pattern
fiascotopnm(1)
Convert compressed FIASCO image to PGM, or PPM
file(1)
determine file type
file-rename(1p)
renames multiple files
find(1)
search for files in a directory hierarchy
find2perl(1)
translate find command lines to Perl code
finger(1)
user information lookup program
fitstopnm(1)
convert a FITS file into a portable anymap
fixdlsrps(1)
filter to fix DviLaser/PS documents to work with PSUtils
fixfmps(1)
filter to fix Framemaker documents so PSUtils work
fixproc(1)
Fixes a process by performing the specified action.
fixpsditps(1)
filter to fix Transcript psdit documents so PSUtils work
fixpspps(1)
filter to fix PSPrint PostScript so PSUtils work
fixscribeps(1)
filter to fix Scribe documents so PSUtils work
fixtpps(1)
filter to fix Tpscript documents to work with PSUtils
fixwfwps(1)
filter to fix Word for Windows documents so PSUtils work
fixwpps(1)
filter to fix WP documents so PSUtils work
fixwwps(1)
filter to fix Windows Write documents so PSUtils work
flock(1)
manage locks from shell scripts
fmt(1)
simple optimal text formatter
fold(1)
wrap each input line to fit in specified width
font2c(1)
Write PostScript Type 0 or Type 1 font as C code
formail(1)
mail (re)formatter
free(1)
Display amount of free and used memory in the system
fribidi(1)
a command line interface for the fribidi library, conv...
frm(1)
display From: lines.
frm.mailutils(1)
display From: lines.
from(1)
display from and subject.
from.mailutils(1)
display from and subject.
fromdos(1)
Converts text files between DOS and Unix formats.
fstopgm(1)
convert a Usenix FaceSaver(tm) file into a portable gr...
ftp(1)
Internet file transfer program
funzip(1)
filter for extracting from a ZIP archive in a pipe
fuser(1)
identify processes using files or sockets
fusermount(1)
unmount FUSE filesystems

G

g++(1)
GNU project C and C++ compiler
g++-4.4(1)
GNU project C and C++ compiler
g++-4.9(1)
GNU project C and C++ compiler
g3topbm(1)
convert a Group 3 fax file into a portable bitmap
gawk(1)
pattern scanning and processing language
gcc(1)
GNU project C and C++ compiler
gcc-4.4(1)
GNU project C and C++ compiler
gcc-4.9(1)
GNU project C and C++ compiler
gcc-ar(1)
a wrapper around ar adding the - plugin option
gcc-ar-4.9(1)
a wrapper around ar adding the - plugin option
gcc-nm(1)
a wrapper around nm adding the - plugin option
gcc-nm-4.9(1)
a wrapper around nm adding the - plugin option
gcc-ranlib(1)
a wrapper around ranlib adding the - plugin option
gcc-ranlib-4.9(1)
a wrapper around ranlib adding the - plugin option
gcore(1)
Generate a core file for a running process
gcov(1)
coverage testing tool
gcov-4.4(1)
coverage testing tool
gcov-4.9(1)
coverage testing tool
gdnc(1)
GNUstep Distributed Notification Center
gem(1)
frontend to RubyGems, the Ruby package manager
gem2.1(1)
frontend to RubyGems, the Ruby package manager
gemtopbm(1)
convert a GEM .img file into a portable anymap
gemtopnm(1)
convert a GEM .img file into a portable anymap
gen-auth(1)
generate various authentication strings
gencat(1)
Generate message catalog
gendsa(1ssl)
generate a DSA private key from a set of parameters
genpkey(1ssl)
generate a private key
genrsa(1ssl)
generate an RSA private key
geqn(1)
format equations for troff or MathML
GET(1p)
Simple command line user agent
getafm(1)
create an AFM file for a PostScript font.
getconf(1)
Query system configuration variables
getent(1)
get entries from Name Service Switch libraries
getfacl(1)
get file access control lists
getopt(1)
parse command options (enhanced)
getpcaps(1)
List Process Capabilities
gettext(1)
translate message
gettextize(1)
install or upgrade gettext infrastructure
ghostscript(1)
Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter a...
giftopnm(1)
convert a GIF file into a portable anymap
ginstall-info(1)
update info/dir entries
gnulib-tool(1)
program for authors or maintainers which want to impor...
gnustep-config(1)
prints information about the current gnustep installat...
gold(1)
The GNU ELF linker
gouldtoppm(1)
convert Gould scanner file into a portable pixmap
gpasswd(1)
administer /etc/group and /etc/gshadow
gperf(1)
generate a perfect hash function from a key set
gpg(1)
OpenPGP encryption and signing tool
gpg-agent(1)
Secret key management for GnuPG
gpg-connect-agent(1)
Communicate with a running agent
gpg-preset-passphrase(1)
Put a passphrase into gpg-agent's cache
gpg-zip(1)
encrypt or sign files into an archive
gpg2(1)
OpenPGP encryption and signing tool
gpgconf(1)
Modify .gnupg home directories
gpgparsemail(1)
Parse a mail message into an annotated format
gpgsplit(1)
Split an OpenPGP message into packets
gpgv(1)
Verify OpenPGP signatures
gpic(1)
compile pictures for troff or TeX
gprof(1)
display call graph profile data
grep(1)
print lines matching a pattern
groff(1)
front-end for the groff document formatting system
grog(1)
guess options for groff command
grops(1)
PostScript driver for groff
grotty(1)
groff driver for typewriter-like devices
groups(1)
print the groups a user is in
grub-editenv(1)
edit GRUB environment block
grub-file(1)
check file type
grub-fstest(1)
debug tool for GRUB filesystem drivers
grub-glue-efi(1)
generate a fat binary for EFI
grub-kbdcomp(1)
generate a GRUB keyboard layout file
grub-menulst2cfg(1)
transform legacy menu.lst into grub.cfg
grub-mkfont(1)
make GRUB font files
grub-mkimage(1)
make a bootable image of GRUB
grub-mklayout(1)
generate a GRUB keyboard layout file
grub-mknetdir(1)
prepare a GRUB netboot directory.
grub-mkpasswd-pbkdf2(1)
generate hashed password for GRUB
grub-mkrelpath(1)
make a system path relative to its root
grub-mkrescue(1)
make a GRUB rescue image
grub-mkstandalone(1)
make a memdisk-based GRUB image
grub-mount(1)
export GRUB filesystem with FUSE
grub-render-label(1)
generate a .disk_label for Apple Macs.
grub-script-check(1)
check grub.cfg for syntax errors
grub-syslinux2cfg(1)
transform syslinux config into grub.cfg
gs(1)
Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter a...
gsbj(1)
Format and print text for BubbleJet printer using ghos...
gsdj(1)
Format and print text for DeskJet printer using ghosts...
gsdj500(1)
Format and print text for DeskJet 500 BubbleJet using ...
gsdoc(1)
GNUstep XML documentation format
gslj(1)
Format and print text for LaserJet printer using ghost...
gslp(1)
Format and print text using ghostscript
gsnd(1)
Run ghostscript (PostScript and PDF engine) without di...
gspath(1)
Utility to display standard directory/path information
gtbl(1)
format tables for troff
gtk-query-immodules-2.0(1)
Input method module registration utility
gtk-update-icon-cache(1)
Icon theme caching utility
gunzip(1)
compress or expand files
gzexe(1)
compress executable files in place
gzip(1)
compress or expand files

H

h2ph(1)
convert .h C header files to .ph Perl header files
h2xs(1)
convert .h C header files to Perl extensions
hd(1)
ASCII, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
HEAD(1p)
Simple command line user agent
head(1)
output the first part of files
helpztags(1)
generate the help tags file for directory
hexdump(1)
ASCII, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
hipstopgm(1)
convert a HIPS file into a portable graymap
hman(1)
browse the on-line manual pages
host(1)
DNS lookup utility
hostid(1)
print the numeric identifier for the current host
hostname(1)
show or set the system's host name
hostnamectl(1)
Control the system hostname
hsmarkdown(1)
convert markdown-formatted text to HTML
htdbm(1)
Manipulate DBM password databases
htdigest(1)
manage user files for digest authentication
html2(1)
convert xml documents in a flat format
HTMLLinker(1)
tool to fix up href references in HTML files
htpasswd(1)
Manage user files for basic authentication
httxt2dbm(1)
Generate dbm files for use with RewriteMap
humfsify(1)
convert a directory to the format needed by the UML hu...

I

icontopbm(1)
convert a Sun icon into a portable bitmap
iconv(1)
convert text from one character encoding to another
id(1)
print real and effective user and group IDs
identify(1)
describes the format and characteristics of one or mor...
identify-im6(1)
describes the format and characteristics of one or mor...
ifnames(1)
Extract CPP conditionals from a set of files
igawk(1)
gawk with include files
ilbmtoppm(1)
convert an ILBM file into a portable pixmap
imagetops(1)
generic image to ps filter
imgtoppm(1)
convert an Img-whatnot file into a portable pixmap
import(1)
saves any visible window on an X server and outputs it...
import-im6(1)
saves any visible window on an X server and outputs it...
includeres(1)
filter to include resources in a PostScript document
info(1)
read Info documents
infobrowser(1)
read Info documents
infocmp(1)
compare or print out terminfo descriptions
infokey(1)
compile customizations for Info
infotocap(1)
convert a terminfo description into a termcap description
init(1)
systemd system and service manager
install(1)
copy files and set attributes
install-info(1)
update info/dir entries
instmodsh(1)
A shell to examine installed modules
intro(1)
introduction to user commands
ionice(1)
set or get process I/O scheduling class and priority
ipcmk(1)
make various IPC resources
ipcrm(1)
remove certain IPC resources
ipcs(1)
show information on IPC facilities
iptables-xml(1)
Convert iptables-save format to XML
irb(1)
Interactive Ruby Shell
irb2.1(1)
Interactive Ruby Shell
irqbalance(1)
distribute hardware interrupts across processors on a ...
ischroot(1)
detect if running in a chroot
ispell-wrapper(1)
smart wrapper for ispell
isql(1)
utility to submit SQL queries to a data source.
iusql(1)
Unicode version of isql.

J

jack_bufsize(1)
JACK toolkit client to change the JACK buffer size
jack_connect(1)
JACK toolkit clients for connecting & disconnecting ports
jack_disconnect(1)
JACK toolkit clients for connecting & disconnecting ports
jack_freewheel(1)
JACK toolkit client to control freewheeling mode
jack_impulse_grabber(1)
JACK toolkit client to grab an impulse (response)
jack_iodelay(1)
JACK toolkit client to measure roundtrip latency
jack_load(1)
JACK toolkit client for loading in-process clients
jack_lsp(1)
JACK toolkit client to list informtion on ports
jack_metro(1)
JACK toolkit metronome
jack_monitor_client(1)
The JACK Audio Connection Kit example client
jack_netsource(1)
Netjack Master client for one slave
jack_samplerate(1)
JACK toolkit client to print current samplerate
jack_showtime(1)
The JACK Audio Connection Kit example client
jack_simple_client(1)
The JACK Audio Connection Kit example client
jack_transport(1)
JACK toolkit client for transport control
jack_unload(1)
The JACK Audio Connection Kit example client
jack_wait(1)
JACK toolkit client to check and wait for existence/ex...
jackd(1)
JACK Audio Connection Kit sound server
jackrec(1)
JACK toolkit client for recording audio
jail_uml(1)
run UML in a chroot-jail
join(1)
join lines of two files on a common field
journalctl(1)
Query the systemd journal
jpegtopnm(1)
convert JPEG/JFIF file to portable pixmap or graymap
json_pp(1)
JSON::PP command utility

K

kbd_mode(1)
report or set the keyboard mode
kbdinfo(1)
obtain information about the status of a console
kbxutil(1)
List, export, import Keybox data
kibitz(1)
allow two people to interact with one shell
kill(1)
send a signal to a process
killall(1)
kill processes by name

L

last(1)
show listing of last logged in users
lastb(1)
show listing of last logged in users
lcf(1)
Determine which of the historical versions of a config...
ld(1)
The GNU linker
ld.bfd(1)
The GNU linker
ld.gold(1)
The GNU ELF linker
ldapadd(1)
LDAP modify entry and LDAP add entry tools
ldapcompare(1)
LDAP compare tool
ldapdelete(1)
LDAP delete entry tool
ldapexop(1)
issue LDAP extended operations
ldapmodify(1)
LDAP modify entry and LDAP add entry tools
ldapmodrdn(1)
LDAP rename entry tool
ldappasswd(1)
change the password of an LDAP entry
ldapsearch(1)
LDAP search tool
ldapurl(1)
LDAP URL formatting tool
ldapwhoami(1)
LDAP who am i? tool
ldd(1)
print shared library dependencies
leaftoppm(1)
convert Interleaf image format to a portable anymap
less(1)
opposite of more
lessecho(1)
expand metacharacters
lessfile(1)
"input preprocessor" for less.
lesskey(1)
specify key bindings for less
lesspipe(1)
"input preprocessor" for less.
lexgrog(1)
parse header information in man pages
lft(1)
print the route packets trace to network host
lft.db(1)
print the route packets trace to network host
liblinear-predict(1)
Make predictions based on a trained linear classifier...
liblinear-train(1)
train a linear classifier and produce a model
libnetcfg(1)
configure libnet
libtoolize(1)
Prepare a package to use libtool
line(1)
read one line
link(1)
call the link function to create a link to a file
linux(1)
User-mode Linux
linux-version(1)
operate on Linux kernel version strings
linux.uml(1)
User-mode Linux
linux32(1)
change reported architecture in new program environmen...
linux64(1)
change reported architecture in new program environmen...
lispmtopgm(1)
convert a Lisp Machine bitmap file into pgm format
ln(1)
make links between files
loadkeys(1)
load keyboard translation tables
locale(1)
get locale-specific information
localectl(1)
Control the system locale and keyboard layout settings
localedef(1)
compile locale definition files
locate(1)
find files by name
lockfile(1)
conditional semaphore-file creator
lockfile-check(1)
command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files ...
lockfile-create(1)
command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files ...
lockfile-progs(1)
command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files ...
lockfile-remove(1)
command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files ...
lockfile-touch(1)
command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files ...
logger(1)
a shell command interface to the syslog(3) system log ...
login(1)
begin session on the system
loginctl(1)
Control the systemd login manager
logname(1)
print user's login name
logread(1)
The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
logresolve(1)
Resolve IP-addresses to hostnames in Apache log files
look(1)
display lines beginning with a given string
lorder(1)
list dependencies for object files
ls(1)
list directory contents
lsar(1)
list archive file contents
lsattr(1)
list file attributes on a Linux second extended file s...
lsb_release(1)
print distribution-specific information
lscpu(1)
display information about the CPU architecture
lshw(1)
list hardware
lspgpot(1)
extracts the ownertrust values from PGP keyrings and l...
lwp-download(1p)
Fetch large files from the web
lwp-dump(1p)
See what headers and content is returned for a URL
lwp-mirror(1p)
Simple mirror utility
lwp-request(1p)
Simple command line user agent
lynx(1)
a general purpose distributed information browser for ...
lz(1)
gunzips and shows a listing of a gzip'd tar'd archive
lzcat(1)
LZMA compression and decompression tool
lzma(1)
LZMA compression and decompression tool
lzmainfo(1)
show information stored in the .lzma file header
lzmp(1)
LZMA compression and decompression tool

M

m4(1)
macro processor
machinectl(1)
Control the systemd machine manager
macptopbm(1)
convert a MacPaint file into a portable bitmap
madplay(1)
decode and play MPEG audio stream(s)
mail(1)
process mail messages
mail-lock(1)
command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files ...
mail-touchlock(1)
command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files ...
mail-unlock(1)
command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files ...
mail.mailutils(1)
process mail messages
maildiracl(1)
manage access control lists
maildirkw(1)
set maildir message keywords
maildirmake(1)
create maildirs and maildir folders
maildirmake.courier(1)
create maildirs and maildir folders
maildirmake.dovecot(1)
creates maildirs and maildir subfolders
mailq(1)
Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface
mailstat(1)
shows mail-arrival statistics
mailx(1)
process mail messages
make(1)
GNU make utility to maintain groups of programs
make-first-existing-target(1)
runs make on one of several targets
make_strings(1)
tool to build lists of localizable strings from Object...
makedat(1)
create GDBM/DB files for maildrop
makedat.courier(1)
create GDBM/DB files for maildrop
makeinfo(1)
translate Texinfo documents
man(1)
an interface to the on-line reference manuals
man2html(1)
format a manual page in html
manconv(1)
convert manual page from one encoding to another
manpath(1)
determine search path for manual pages
mattrib(1)
change MSDOS file attribute flags
mbadblocks(1)
tests a floppy disk, and marks the bad blocks in the FAT
mcat(1)
dump raw disk image
mcd(1)
change MSDOS directory
mcheck(1)
verify all files on an MS-DOS formatted disk
mcomp(1)
Compares two files using mtools
mcookie(1)
generate magic cookies for xauth
mcopy(1)
copy MSDOS files to/from Unix
md2(1ssl)
message digests
md4(1ssl)
message digests
md5(1ssl)
message digests
md5sum(1)
compute and check MD5 message digest
md5sum.textutils(1)
compute and check MD5 message digest
mdatopbm(1)
convert a Microdesign .mda or .mdp file into a portabl...
mdc2(1ssl)
message digests
mdel(1)
delete an MSDOS file
mdeltree(1)
recursively delete an MSDOS directory and its contents
mdir(1)
display an MSDOS directory
mdu(1)
display the amount of space occupied by an MSDOS direc...
memusage(1)
profile memory usage of a program
memusagestat(1)
generate graphic from memory profiling data
mesg(1)
control write access to your terminal
messages(1)
count the number of messages in a mailbox
messages.mailutils(1)
count the number of messages in a mailbox
mformat(1)
add an MSDOS filesystem to a low-level formatted flopp...
mftraining(1)
feature training for Tesseract
mgrtopbm(1)
convert a MGR bitmap into a portable bitmap
mimeopen(1p)
Open files by mimetype
mimetype(1p)
Determine file type
mimeview(1)
display files, using mailcap mechanism.
minfo(1)
print the parameters of a MSDOS filesystem
mkdir(1)
make directories
mkfifo(1)
make FIFOs (named pipes)
mkmanifest(1)
makes list of file names and their DOS 8+3 equivalent
mknod(1)
make block or character special files
mkpasswd(1)
Overfeatured front end to crypt(3)
mktemp(1)
create a temporary file or directory
mlabel(1)
make an MSDOS volume label
mlocate(1)
find files by name
mmd(1)
make an MSDOS subdirectory
mmount(1)
mount an MSDOS disk
mmove(1)
move or rename an MSDOS file or subdirectory
mogrify(1)
resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw o...
mogrify-im6(1)
resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw o...
montage(1)
create a composite image by combining several separate...
montage-im6(1)
create a composite image by combining several separate...
more(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing
mountpoint(1)
see if a directory is a mountpoint
movemail(1)
move messages across mailboxes.
movemail.mailutils(1)
move messages across mailboxes.
mpartition(1)
partition an MSDOS hard disk
mplayer(1)
movie player
mrd(1)
remove an MSDOS subdirectory
mren(1)
rename an existing MSDOS file
msgattrib(1)
attribute matching and manipulation on message catalog
msgcat(1)
combines several message catalogs
msgcmp(1)
compare message catalog and template
msgcomm(1)
match two message catalogs
msgconv(1)
character set conversion for message catalog
msgen(1)
create English message catalog
msgexec(1)
process translations of message catalog
msgfilter(1)
edit translations of message catalog
msgfmt(1)
compile message catalog to binary format
msggrep(1)
pattern matching on message catalog
msginit(1)
initialize a message catalog
msgmerge(1)
merge message catalog and template
msgunfmt(1)
uncompile message catalog from binary format
msguniq(1)
unify duplicate translations in message catalog
mshowfat(1)
shows FAT clusters allocated to file
mt(1)
control magnetic tape drive operation
mt-gnu(1)
control magnetic tape drive operation
mtools(1)
utilities to access DOS disks in Unix.
mtoolstest(1)
tests and displays the configuration
mtrace(1)
interpret the malloc trace log
mtvtoppm(1)
convert output from the MTV or PRT ray tracers into a ...
mtype(1)
display contents of an MSDOS file
mu(1)
a set of tools to deal with Maildirs and message files...
mu-add(1)
add one or more messages to the database
mu-cfind(1)
find and export contacts in the mu database
mu-easy(1)
a quick introduction to mu
mu-extract(1)
display and save message parts (attachments), and open...
mu-find(1)
find e-mail messages in the mu database.
mu-help(1)
help information about mu commands.
mu-index(1)
index e-mail messages stored in Maildirs
mu-mkdir(1)
create a new Maildir
mu-remove(1)
remove messages from the database.
mu-script(1)
show the available mu scripts, and run them.
mu-server(1)
the mu backend for the mu4e e-mail client
mu-tool(1)
GNU Mailutils multi-purpose tool.
mu-verify(1)
verify message signatures and display information abou...
mu-view(1)
display an e-mail message file
mug(1)
a graphical user interface for mu mail searches
multixterm(1)
drive multiple xterms separately or together
mutt(1)
The Mutt Mail User Agent
mutt-org(1)
The Mutt Mail User Agent
mutt_dotlock(1)
Lock mail spool files.
mv(1)
move (rename) files
mxtar(1)
Wrapper for using GNU tar directly from a floppy disk
mzip(1)
change protection mode and eject disk on Zip/Jaz drive

N

namei(1)
follow a pathname until a terminal point is found
nawk(1)
pattern scanning and processing language
ncal(1)
displays a calendar and the date of Easter
ncat(1)
Concatenate and redirect sockets
ncurses5-config(1)
helper script for ncurses libraries
ncursesw5-config(1)
helper script for ncurses libraries
ndiff(1)
Utility to compare the results of Nmap scans
neotoppm(1)
convert an Atari Neochrome .neo into a portable pixmap
neqn(1)
format equations for ascii output
netkit-ftp(1)
Internet file transfer program
netkit-ntalk(1)
talk to another user
netpbm(1)
package of graphics manipulation programs and libraries
newaliases(1)
Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface
newgrp(1)
log in to a new group
ngettext(1)
translate message and choose plural form
nice(1)
run a program with modified scheduling priority
nisdomainname(1)
show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name
nl(1)
number lines of files
nlmconv(1)
converts object code into an NLM.
nm(1)
list symbols from object files
nmap(1)
Network exploration tool and security / port scanner
nohup(1)
run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
nping(1)
Network packet generation tool / ping utility
nproc(1)
print the number of processing units available
nroff(1)
emulate nroff command with groff
nsenter(1)
run program with namespaces of other processes
nseq(1ssl)
create or examine a netscape certificate sequence
nsgmls(1)
a validating SGML parser
nslookup(1)
query Internet name servers interactively
nsupdate(1)
Dynamic DNS update utility
numfmt(1)
Convert numbers from/to human-readable strings

O

objcopy(1)
copy and translate object files
objdump(1)
display information from object files.
ocsp(1ssl)
Online Certificate Status Protocol utility
od(1)
dump files in octal and other formats
odbcinst(1)
command line tool for batch ODBC configuration
oldfind(1)
search for files in a directory hierarchy
omshell(1)
OMAPI Command Shell
on_ac_power(1)
test whether computer is running on AC power
open(1)
start a program on a new virtual terminal (VT).
openapp(1)
launch applications from the command line
openssl(1ssl)
OpenSSL command line tool
openssl-vulnkey(1)
check blacklist of compromised certificates, requests ...
opentool(1)
Command line tool for starting tools
openvt(1)
start a program on a new virtual terminal (VT).
opusdec(1)
decode audio from Opus format to WAV (or simple audio ...
opusenc(1)
encode audio into the Opus format
opusinfo(1)
gives information about Opus files and does extensive ...
opusrtp(1)
encapsulate Opus audio in RTP

P

pager(1)
opposite of more
palmtopnm(1)
convert a Palm pixmap into a portable anymap
pamcut(1)
cut a rectangle out of a PAM, PBM, PGM, or PPM image
pamdeinterlace(1)
remove ever other row from a PAM/PNM image
pamdice(1)
slice a Netpbm image into many horizontally and/or ver...
pamfile(1)
describe a Netpbm (PAM or PNM) file
pamoil(1)
turn a PAM image into an oil painting
pamstack(1)
stack planes of multiple PAM images into one PAM image
pamstretch(1)
scale up a PNM or PAM image by interpolating between p...
pamstretch-gen(1)
use pamstretch and pnmscale to scale by non-integer va...
pandoc(1)
general markup converter
pandoc_markdown(5)
markdown syntax for pandoc(1)
paperconf(1)
print paper configuration information
passmass(1)
change password on multiple machines
passwd(1)
change user password
passwd(1ssl)
compute password hashes
paste(1)
merge lines of files
patch(1)
apply a diff file to an original
pathchk(1)
check whether file names are valid or portable
pbmclean(1)
flip isolated pixels in portable bitmap
pbmfilters(1)
list of all programs in the netpbm package
pbmlife(1)
apply Conway's rules of Life to a portable bitmap
pbmmake(1)
create a blank bitmap of a specified size
pbmmask(1)
create a mask bitmap from a regular bitmap
pbmpage(1)
create a one page test pattern for printing
pbmpscale(1)
enlarge a portable bitmap with edge smoothing
pbmreduce(1)
read a portable bitmap and reduce it N times
pbmtext(1)
render text into a bitmap
pbmtextps(1)
render text into a bitmap via postscript
pbmto10x(1)
convert a portable bitmap into Gemini 10X printer grap...
pbmtoascii(1)
convert a portable bitmap into ASCII graphics
pbmtoatk(1)
convert portable bitmap to Andrew Toolkit raster object
pbmtobbnbg(1)
convert a portable bitmap into BitGraph graphics
pbmtocmuwm(1)
convert a portable bitmap into a CMU window manager bi...
pbmtoepsi(1)
convert a portable bitmap into an encapsulated PostScr...
pbmtoepson(1)
convert a portable bitmap into Epson printer graphics
pbmtog3(1)
convert a portable bitmap into a Group 3 fax file
pbmtogem(1)
convert a portable bitmap into a GEM .img file
pbmtogo(1)
convert a portable bitmap into compressed GraphOn grap...
pbmtoicon(1)
convert a portable bitmap into a Sun icon
pbmtolj(1)
convert a portable bitmap into HP LaserJet format
pbmtomacp(1)
convert a portable bitmap into a MacPaint file
pbmtomda(1)
convert a portable bitmap to a Microdesign .mda
pbmtomgr(1)
convert a portable bitmap into a MGR bitmap
pbmtonokia(1)
convert a portable bitmap to Nokia Smart Messaging For...
pbmtopgm(1)
convert portable bitmap to portable graymap by averagi...
pbmtopi3(1)
convert a portable bitmap into an Atari Degas .pi3 file
pbmtoplot(1)
convert a portable bitmap into a Unix plot(5) file
pbmtoppa(1)
convert PBM image to HP Printer Performance Architectu...
pbmtopsg3(1)
convert PBM images to Postscript with G3 fax compression
pbmtoptx(1)
convert a portable bitmap into Printronix printer grap...
pbmtowbmp(1)
convert a portable bitmap to a wireless bitmap (wbmp) ...
pbmtox10bm(1)
convert a portable bitmap into an X10 bitmap
pbmtoxbm(1)
convert a portable bitmap into an X11 bitmap
pbmtoybm(1)
convert a portable bitmap into a Bennet Yee "face" file
pbmtozinc(1)
convert a portable bitmap into a Zinc bitmap
pbmupc(1)
create a Universal Product Code bitmap
pcxtoppm(1)
convert a PCX file into a portable pixmap
pdb(1)
the Python debugger
pdb2.7(1)
the Python debugger
pdb3(1)
the Python debugger
pdb3.4(1)
the Python debugger
pdf2dsc(1)
generate a PostScript page list of a PDF document
pdf2ps(1)
Ghostscript PDF to PostScript translator
pdfdetach(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) document embedded file ...
pdffonts(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) font analyzer (version ...
pdfimages(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) image extractor (versio...
pdfinfo(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) document information ex...
pdfopt(1)
Ghostscript PDF Optimizer
pdfseparate(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) page extractor
pdftexi2dvi(1)
convert Texinfo documents to DVI or PDF
pdftocairo(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) to PNG/JPEG/TIFF/PDF/PS...
pdftohtml(1)
program to convert PDF files into HTML, XML and PNG im...
pdftoppm(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) to Portable Pixmap (PPM...
pdftops(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) to PostScript converter...
pdftotext(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) to text converter (vers...
pdfunite(1)
Portable Document Format (PDF) page merger
peekfd(1)
peek at file descriptors of running processes
perf(1)
performance analysis tools for Linux
perl(1)
The Perl 5 language interpreter
perl5.20.2(1)
The Perl 5 language interpreter
perlbug(1)
how to submit bug reports on Perl
perlivp(1)
Perl Installation Verification Procedure
perlthanks(1)
how to submit bug reports on Perl
pf2afm(1)
Make an AFM file from Postscript (PFB/PFA/PFM) font fi...
pfbtopfa(1)
Convert Postscript .pfb fonts to .pfa format using gho...
pftp(1)
Internet file transfer program
pg(1)
browse pagewise through text files
pgmbentley(1)
Bentleyize a portable graymap
pgmcrater(1)
create cratered terrain by fractal forgery
pgmedge(1)
edge-detect a portable graymap
pgmenhance(1)
edge-enhance a portable graymap
pgmhist(1)
print a histogram of the values in a portable graymap
pgmkernel(1)
generate a convolution kernel
pgmnoise(1)
create a graymap made up of white noise
pgmnorm(1)
normalize the contrast in a Netbpm image
pgmoil(1)
turn a PAM image into an oil painting
pgmramp(1)
generate a grayscale ramp
pgmslice(1)
extract one line of pixel values out of a portable gra...
pgmtexture(1)
calculate textural features on a portable graymap
pgmtofs(1)
convert portable graymap to Usenix FaceSaver(tm) format
pgmtolispm(1)
convert a portable graymap into Lisp Machine format
pgmtopbm(1)
convert a portable graymap into a portable bitmap
pgmtoppm(1)
colorize a portable graymap into a portable pixmap
pgrep(1)
look up or signal processes based on name and other at...
pi1toppm(1)
convert an Atari Degas .pi1 into a portable pixmap
pi3topbm(1)
convert an Atari Degas .pi3 file into a portable bitmap
pic(1)
compile pictures for troff or TeX
piconv(1)
- iconv(1), reinvented in perl
pinentry(1)
PIN or pass-phrase entry dialog for GnuPG
pinentry-gtk-2(1)
PIN or pass-phrase entry dialog for GnuPG
pinentry-x11(1)
PIN or pass-phrase entry dialog for GnuPG
pinky(1)
lightweight finger
pjtoppm(1)
convert an HP PaintJet file to a portable pixmap
pkaction(1)
Get details about a registered action
pkcheck(1)
Check whether a process is authorized
pkcs12(1ssl)
PKCS#12 file utility
pkcs7(1ssl)
PKCS#7 utility
pkcs8(1ssl)
PKCS#8 format private key conversion tool
pkexec(1)
Execute a command as another user
pkey(1ssl)
public or private key processing tool
pkeyparam(1ssl)
public key algorithm parameter processing tool
pkeyutl(1ssl)
public key algorithm utility
pkg-config(1)
Return metainformation about installed libraries
pkill(1)
look up or signal processes based on name and other at...
pkttyagent(1)
Textual authentication helper
pl2link(1)
property list tools
pl2pm(1)
Rough tool to translate Perl4 .pl files to Perl5 .pm m...
play(1)
Sound eXchange, the Swiss Army knife of audio manipula...
pldd(1)
display dynamic shared objects linked into a process
pldes(1)
property list tools
plget(1)
property list tools
plio(1)
property list tools
plmerge(1)
property list tools
plparse(1)
property list tools
plser(1)
property list tools
pm-is-supported(1)
Test whether suspend or hibernate is supported.
pmap(1)
report memory map of a process
pngtopnm(1)
convert a Portable Network Graphics file into portable...
pnmalias(1)
antialias a portable anyumap.
pnmarith(1)
perform arithmetic on two portable anymaps
pnmcat(1)
concatenate portable anymaps
pnmcolormap(1)
create quantization color map for a portable anymap
pnmcomp(1)
composite (overlay) two portable anymap files together
pnmconvol(1)
general MxN convolution on a portable anymap
pnmcrop(1)
crop a portable anymap
pnmcut(1)
cut a rectangle out of a portable anymap
pnmdepth(1)
change the maxval in a portable anymap
pnmenlarge(1)
read a portable anymap and enlarge it N times
pnmfile(1)
describe a portable anymap
pnmflip(1)
perform one or more flip operations on a portable anymap
pnmgamma(1)
perform gamma correction on a portable anymap
pnmhisteq(1)
histogram equalise a portable anymap
pnmhistmap(1)
draw a histogram for a PGM or PPM file
pnmindex(1)
build a visual index of a bunch of anymaps
pnminterp(1)
scale up a PNM or PAM image by interpolating between p...
pnminterp-gen(1)
use pamstretch and pnmscale to scale by non-integer va...
pnminvert(1)
invert a portable anymap
pnmmargin(1)
add a border to a portable anymap
pnmmontage(1)
create a montage of portable anymaps
pnmnlfilt(1)
non-linear filters: smooth, alpha trim mean, optimal e...
pnmnoraw(1)
convert portable any map to plain (ASCII) anymap format
pnmnorm(1)
normalize the contrast in a Netbpm image
pnmpad(1)
add borders to portable anymap
pnmpaste(1)
paste a rectangle into a portable anymap
pnmpsnr(1)
compute the difference between two portable anymaps
pnmquant(1)
quantize the colors in a Netpbm image to a smaller set
pnmremap(1)
replace colors in a PPM image with colors from another...
pnmrotate(1)
rotate a portable anymap by some angle
pnmscale(1)
scale a portable anymap
pnmscalefixed(1)
scale a portable anymap quickly, but less accurate
pnmshear(1)
shear a portable anymap by some angle
pnmsmooth(1)
smooth out an image
pnmsplit(1)
split a multi-image portable anymap into multiple sing...
pnmtile(1)
replicate a portable anymap into a specified size
pnmtoddif(1)
Convert a portable anymap to DDIF format
pnmtofiasco(1)
Convert a portable anymap to FIASCO compressed file
pnmtofits(1)
convert a portable anymap into FITS format
pnmtojpeg(1)
convert PNM image to a JFIF ("JPEG") image
pnmtopalm(1)
convert a portable anymap into a Palm pixmap
pnmtoplainpnm(1)
convert portable any map to plain (ASCII) anymap format
pnmtopng(1)
convert a portable anymap into a Portable Network Grap...
pnmtops(1)
convert portable anymap to PostScript
pnmtorast(1)
convert a portable pixmap into a Sun rasterfile
pnmtorle(1)
convert a Netpbm image file into an RLE image file.
pnmtosgi(1)
convert a portable anymap to a SGI image file
pnmtosir(1)
convert a portable anymap into a Solitaire format
pnmtotiff(1)
convert a portable anymap into a TIFF file
pnmtotiffcmyk(1)
convert a portable anymap into a CMYK encoded TIFF file
pnmtoxwd(1)
convert a portable anymap into an X11 window dump
pod2html(1)
convert .pod files to .html files
pod2latex(1p)
convert pod documentation to latex format
pod2man(1)
Convert POD data to formatted *roff input
pod2readme(1p)
script to convert POD to README file
pod2text(1)
Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text
pod2usage(1)
print usage messages from embedded pod docs in files
podchecker(1)
check the syntax of POD format documentation files
podselect(1)
print selected sections of pod documentation on standa...
popauth(1)
manage pop3 authentication database
popclient(1)
fetch mail from a POP, IMAP, ETRN, or ODMR-capable server
POST(1p)
Simple command line user agent
postalias(1)
Postfix alias database maintenance
postcat(1)
show Postfix queue file contents
postconf(1)
Postfix configuration utility
postdrop(1)
Postfix mail posting utility
postfix(1)
Postfix control program
postkick(1)
kick a Postfix service
postlock(1)
lock mail folder and execute command
postlog(1)
Postfix-compatible logging utility
postmap(1)
Postfix lookup table management
postmulti(1)
Postfix multi-instance manager
postqueue(1)
Postfix queue control
postsuper(1)
Postfix superintendent
posttls-finger(1)
Probe the TLS properties of an ESMTP or LMTP server.
ppm3d(1)
convert two portable pixmap into a red/blue 3d glasses...
ppmbrighten(1)
change an images Saturation and Value from an HSV map
ppmchange(1)
change all pixels of one color to another in a portabl...
ppmcie(1)
draw a CIE color chart as a PPM image
ppmcolormask(1)
produce mask of areas of a certain color in a PPM file
ppmcolors(1)
generate a color map of all colors of a certain maxval
ppmdim(1)
dim a portable pixmap down to total blackness
ppmdist(1)
simplistic grayscale assignment for machine generated,...
ppmdither(1)
ordered dither for color images
ppmfade(1)
generate a transition between two image files using sp...
ppmflash(1)
brighten a picture up to complete white-out
ppmforge(1)
fractal forgeries of clouds, planets, and starry skies
ppmhist(1)
print a histogram of a portable pixmap
ppmlabel(1)
add text to a portable pixmap
ppmmake(1)
create a pixmap of a specified size and color
ppmmix(1)
blend together two portable pixmaps
ppmnorm(1)
normalize the contrast in a Netbpm image
ppmntsc(1)
make a portable pixmap look like taken from an America...
ppmpat(1)
make a pretty pixmap
ppmquant(1)
quantize the colors in a portable pixmap down to a spe...
ppmquantall(1)
run ppmquant on a bunch of files all at once, so they ...
ppmqvga(1)
8 plane quantization
ppmrainbow(1)
Generate a rainbow
ppmrelief(1)
run a Laplacian relief filter on a portable pixmap
ppmshadow(1)
add simulated shadows to a portable pixmap image
ppmshift(1)
shift lines of a portable pixmap left or right by a ra...
ppmspread(1)
displace a portable pixmap's pixels by a random amount
ppmtoacad(1)
convert portable pixmap to AutoCAD database or slide
ppmtobmp(1)
convert a portable pixmap into a BMP file
ppmtoeyuv(1)
convert a portable pixmap into a Berkeley YUV file
ppmtogif(1)
convert a portable pixmap into a GIF file
ppmtoicr(1)
convert a portable pixmap into NCSA ICR format
ppmtoilbm(1)
convert a portable pixmap into an ILBM file
ppmtojpeg(1)
convert PNM image to a JFIF ("JPEG") image
ppmtoleaf(1)
convert portable pixmap to Interleaf image format
ppmtolj(1)
convert a portable pixmap to an HP LaserJet PCL 5 Colo...
ppmtomap(1)
extract all colors from a portable pixmap
ppmtomitsu(1)
convert a portable pixmap to a Mitsubishi S340-10 file
ppmtompeg(1)
encodes MPEG-1 bitstreams
ppmtoneo(1)
convert a portable pixmap into an Atari Neochrome .neo...
ppmtopcx(1)
convert a portable pixmap into a PCX file
ppmtopgm(1)
convert a portable pixmap into a portable graymap
ppmtopi1(1)
convert a portable pixmap into an Atari Degas .pi1 file
ppmtopict(1)
convert a portable pixmap into a Macintosh PICT file
ppmtopj(1)
convert a portable pixmap to an HP PaintJet file
ppmtopuzz(1)
convert a portable pixmap into an X11 "puzzle" file
ppmtorgb3(1)
separate a portable pixmap into three portable graymaps
ppmtosixel(1)
convert a portable pixmap into DEC sixel format
ppmtotga(1)
convert portable pixmap into a TrueVision Targa file
ppmtouil(1)
convert a portable pixmap into a Motif UIL icon file
ppmtowinicon(1)
convert 1 or more portable pixmaps into a Windows .ico...
ppmtoxpm(1)
convert a portable pixmap into an X11 pixmap
ppmtoyuv(1)
convert a portable pixmap into an Abekas YUV file
ppmtoyuvsplit(1)
convert a portable pixmap into 3 subsampled raw YUV files
ppmtv(1)
make a portable pixmap look like taken from an America...
pr(1)
convert text files for printing
precat(1)
prefix delta compressor for Aspell
preconv(1)
convert encoding of input files to something GNU troff...
prename(1)
renames multiple files
preunzip(1)
prefix delta compressor for Aspell
prezip(1)
prefix delta compressor for Aspell
prezip-bin(1)
prefix zip delta word list compressor/decompressor
print(1)
execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
printafm(1)
Print the metrics from a Postscript font in AFM format...
printenv(1)
print all or part of environment
printerbanner(1)
print large banner on printer
printf(1)
format and print data
prlimit(1)
get and set process resource limits
procmail(1)
autonomous mail processor
prove(1)
Run tests through a TAP harness.
prtstat(1)
print statistics of a process
ps(1)
report a snapshot of the current processes.
ps2ascii(1)
Ghostscript translator from PostScript or PDF to ASCII
ps2epsi(1)
generate conforming Encapsulated PostScript
ps2pdf(1)
Convert PostScript to PDF using ghostscript
ps2pdf12(1)
Convert PostScript to PDF 1.2 (Acrobat 3-and-later com...
ps2pdf13(1)
Convert PostScript to PDF 1.3 (Acrobat 4-and-later com...
ps2pdf14(1)
Convert PostScript to PDF 1.4 (Acrobat 5-and-later com...
ps2pdfwr(1)
Convert PostScript to PDF without specifying Compatibi...
ps2ps(1)
Ghostscript PostScript "distiller"
psbook(1)
rearrange pages in PostScript file into signatures
psc(1)
prepare sc files
psed(1)
a stream editor
psfaddtable(1)
add a Unicode character table to a console font
psfgettable(1)
extract the embedded Unicode character table from a co...
psfstriptable(1)
remove the embedded Unicode character table from a con...
psfxtable(1)
handle Unicode character tables for console fonts
psidtopgm(1)
convert PostScript "image" data into a portable graymap
psjoin(1)
psjoin
psmerge(1)
filter to merge several PostScript files into one
psnup(1)
multiple pages per sheet
psresize(1)
rescales and centers a document for new output paper size
psselect(1)
select pages from a PostScript file
pstopnm(1)
convert a PostScript file into a portable anymap
pstops(1)
shuffle pages in a PostScript file
pstree(1)
display a tree of processes
pstree.x11(1)
display a tree of processes
pstruct(1)
Dump C structures as generated from "cc - g - S" stabs
ptar(1)
a tar-like program written in perl
ptardiff(1)
program that diffs an extracted archive against an une...
ptargrep(1)
Apply pattern matching to the contents of files in a t...
ptx(1)
produce a permuted index of file contents
pwd(1)
print name of current/working directory
pwdx(1)
report current working directory of a process
pwgen(1)
generate pronounceable passwords
py3clean(1)
removes .pyc and .pyo files
py3compile(1)
byte compile Python 3 source files
py3versions(1)
print python3 version information
pybuild(1)
invokes various build systems for requested Python ver...
pyclean(1)
removes .pyc and .pyo files
pycompile(1)
byte compile Python source files
pydoc(1)
the Python documentation tool
pydoc2.7(1)
the Python documentation tool
pydoc3(1)
the Python documentation tool
pydoc3.4(1)
the Python documentation tool
pygettext(1)
Python equivalent of xgettext(1)
pygettext2.7(1)
Python equivalent of xgettext(1)
pygettext3(1)
Python equivalent of xgettext(1)
pygettext3.4(1)
Python equivalent of xgettext(1)
pysetup3.4(1)
pysetup tool
python(1)
an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programmi...
python2(1)
an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programmi...
python2.7(1)
an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programmi...
python3(1)
an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programmi...
python3.4(1)
an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programmi...
python3.4m(1)
an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programmi...
python3m(1)
an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programmi...
pyversions(1)
print python version information

Q

qdbus(1)
a communication-interface for qt-based applications
qmqp-sink(1)
multi-threaded QMQP test server
qmqp-source(1)
multi-threaded QMQP test generator
qrttoppm(1)
convert output from the QRT ray tracer into a portable...
qshape(1)
Print Postfix queue domain and age distribution
qtchooser(1)
a wrapper used to select between Qt development binary...
quota(1)
display disk usage and limits

R

rake2.1(1)
Ruby Make
rand(1ssl)
generate pseudo-random bytes
ranlib(1)
generate index to archive.
rasttopnm(1)
convert a Sun rasterfile into a portable anymap
rawtopgm(1)
convert raw grayscale bytes into a portable graymap
rawtoppm(1)
convert raw RGB bytes into a portable pixmap
rbash(1)
restricted bash, see bash(1)
rcp(1)
secure copy (remote file copy program)
rdebsums(1)
a recursive debsums
rdoc(1)
Generate documentation from Ruby script files
rdoc2.1(1)
Generate documentation from Ruby script files
readelf(1)
Displays information about ELF files.
readline-editor(1)
readline wrapper
readlink(1)
print resolved symbolic links or canonical file names
readmsg(1)
print messages.
readmsg.mailutils(1)
print messages.
realpath(1)
print the resolved path
rec(1)
Sound eXchange, the Swiss Army knife of audio manipula...
recode-sr-latin(1)
convert Serbian text from Cyrillic to Latin script
red(1)
line-oriented text editor
regexp-assemble(1p)
Assemble a list of regular expressions from a file
rename(1)
renames multiple files
rename.ul(1)
rename files
renice(1)
alter priority of running processes
req(1ssl)
PKCS#10 certificate request and certificate generating...
reset(1)
terminal initialization
rev(1)
reverse lines characterwise
rgb3toppm(1)
combine three portable graymaps into one portable pixmap
rgrep(1)
print lines matching a pattern
ri(1)
Ruby API reference front end
ri2.1(1)
Ruby API reference front end
ripemd160(1ssl)
message digests
rletopnm(1)
convert a Utah Raster Tools RLE image file into a PNM ...
rlogin(1)
OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
rlwrap(1)
readline wrapper
rm(1)
remove files or directories
rmdir(1)
remove empty directories
rootstrap(1)
Construct a root filesystem image in a file
rpcgen(1)
an RPC protocol compiler
rsa(1ssl)
RSA key processing tool
rsautl(1ssl)
RSA utility
rsh(1)
OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
rsync(1)
a fast, versatile, remote (and local) file-copying tool
rtmpdump(1)
RTMP streaming media client
ruby(1)
Interpreted object-oriented scripting language
ruby2.1(1)
Interpreted object-oriented scripting language
run-mailcap(1)
execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
run-with-aspell(1)
script to help use GNU Aspell as an ispell replacement
runcon(1)
run command with specified security context
runuser(1)
run a command with substitute user and group ID
rview(1)
Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
rvim(1)
Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor

S

s2p(1)
a stream editor
s_client(1ssl)
SSL/TLS client program
s_server(1ssl)
SSL/TLS server program
s_time(1ssl)
SSL/TLS performance timing program
saslfinger(1)
A utility to collect SMTP AUTH relevant configuration ...
sbigtopgm(1)
convert an SBIG CCDOPS file into a portable graymap
sc(1)
spreadsheet calculator
scp(1)
secure copy (remote file copy program)
screader(1)
Screen reader using a software Text-To-Speech package ...
screen(1)
screen manager with VT100/ANSI terminal emulation
screendump(1)
dump the contents of a virtual console to stdout
script(1)
make typescript of terminal session
scriptreplay(1)
play back typescripts, using timing information
sdiff(1)
side-by-side merge of file differences
sed(1)
stream editor for filtering and transforming text
see(1)
execute programs via entries in the mailcap file
select-default-iwrap(1)
Selects the user default ispell dictionary for use...
select-editor(1)
select your default sensible-editor from all installed...
sendmail(1)
Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface
sensible-browser(1)
sensible editing, paging, and web browsing
sensible-editor(1)
sensible editing, paging, and web browsing
sensible-pager(1)
sensible editing, paging, and web browsing
seq(1)
print a sequence of numbers
sess_id(1ssl)
SSL/TLS session handling utility
setfacl(1)
set file access control lists
setleds(1)
set the keyboard leds
setmetamode(1)
define the keyboard meta key handling
setsid(1)
run a program in a new session
setterm(1)
set terminal attributes
setvtrgb(1)
customize the console color map
sfparse(1)
string file parse
sftp(1)
secure file transfer program
sg(1)
execute command as different group ID
sgitopnm(1)
convert a SGI image file to a portable anymap
sgml2xml(1)
convert SGML to XML
sgmlnorm(1)
normalize SGML documents
sgmlspl(1)
a simple post-processor for nsgmls
sh(1)
command interpreter (shell)
sha(1ssl)
message digests
sha1(1ssl)
message digests
sha1sum(1)
compute and check SHA1 message digest
sha224(1ssl)
message digests
sha224sum(1)
compute and check SHA224 message digest
sha256(1ssl)
message digests
sha256sum(1)
compute and check SHA256 message digest
sha384(1ssl)
message digests
sha384sum(1)
compute and check SHA384 message digest
sha512(1ssl)
message digests
sha512sum(1)
compute and check SHA512 message digest
shapeclustering(1)
shape clustering training for Tesseract
shar(1)
create a shell archive
shasum(1)
Print or Check SHA Checksums
showchar(1)
show character with information
showkey(1)
examine the codes sent by the keyboard
shred(1)
overwrite a file to hide its contents, and optionally ...
shtool(1)
The GNU Portable Shell Tool
shtool-arx(1)
GNU shtool ar(1) extensional command
shtool-echo(1)
GNU shtool echo(1) extensional command
shtool-fixperm(1)
GNU shtool file permission fixing command
shtool-install(1)
GNU shtool install(1) command
shtool-mdate(1)
GNU shtool pretty-print last modification time
shtool-mkdir(1)
GNU shtool mkdir(1) style command
shtool-mkln(1)
GNU shtool enhanced ln(1) replacement
shtool-mkshadow(1)
GNU shtool create shadow tree using symlinks
shtool-move(1)
GNU shtool enhanced mv(1) replacement
shtool-path(1)
GNU shtool command dealing with shell path variables
shtool-platform(1)
GNU shtool Unix platform identification
shtool-prop(1)
GNU shtool propeller processing indication
shtool-rotate(1)
GNU shtool log file rotation
shtool-scpp(1)
GNU shtool C source file pre-processor
shtool-slo(1)
GNU shtool separate linker options by library class
shtool-subst(1)
GNU shtool sed(1) substitution operations
shtool-table(1)
GNU shtool pretty-print a field-separated list
shtool-tarball(1)
GNU shtool command for rolling standardized tarballs
shtool-version(1)
GNU shtool maintain version information file
shtoolize(1)
Build individual GNU shtool scripts
shuf(1)
generate random permutations
sieve(1)
a mail filtering tool.
sirtopnm(1)
convert a Solitaire file into a portable anymap
size(1)
list section sizes and total size.
skill(1)
send a signal or report process status
slabtop(1)
display kernel slab cache information in real time
sldtoppm(1)
convert an AutoCAD slide file into a portable pixmap
sleep(1)
delay for a specified amount of time
slirp(1)
TCP/IP emulator
slirp-fullbolt(1)
fast slirp for non interactive sessions
slirpvde(1)
Virtual Distributed Ethernet-Slirp interface
slogin(1)
OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
smime(1ssl)
S/MIME utility
smime_keys(1)
Utility to add S/MIME certificate to the internal data...
smtp-sink(1)
multi-threaded SMTP/LMTP test server
smtp-source(1)
multi-threaded SMTP/LMTP test generator
snice(1)
send a signal or report process status
snmp-bridge-mib(1)
provide Linux bridge information via SNMP
snmpbulkget(1)
communicates with a network entity using SNMP GETBULK ...
snmpbulkwalk(1)
retrieve a subtree of management values using SNMP GET...
snmpcmd(1)
options and behaviour common to most of the Net-SNMP c...
snmpconf(1)
creates and modifies SNMP configuration files
snmpdelta(1)
Monitor delta differences in SNMP Counter values
snmpdf(1)
display disk space usage on a network entity via SNMP
snmpget(1)
communicates with a network entity using SNMP GET requ...
snmpgetnext(1)
communicates with a network entity using SNMP GETNEXT ...
snmpinform(1)
sends an SNMP notification to a manager
snmpnetstat(1)
display networking status and configuration informatio...
snmpset(1)
communicates with a network entity using SNMP SET requ...
snmpstatus(1)
retrieves a fixed set of management information from a...
snmptable(1)
retrieve an SNMP table and display it in tabular form
snmptest(1)
communicates with a network entity using SNMP requests
snmptranslate(1)
translate MIB OID names between numeric and textual forms
snmptrap(1)
sends an SNMP notification to a manager
snmpusm(1)
creates and maintains SNMPv3 users on a network entity
snmpvacm(1)
creates and maintains SNMPv3 View-based Access Control...
snmpwalk(1)
retrieve a subtree of management values using SNMP GET...
soelim(1)
interpret .so requests in groff input
sort(1)
sort lines of text files
sotruss(1)
trace shared library calls through PLT
sox(1)
Sound eXchange, the Swiss Army knife of audio manipula...
soxi(1)
Sound eXchange Information, display sound file metadata
spam(1)
an SGML markup stream editor
spctoppm(1)
convert an Atari compressed Spectrum file into a porta...
speed(1ssl)
test library performance
spent(1)
print SGML entity on the standard output
spkac(1ssl)
SPKAC printing and generating utility
splain(1)
produce verbose warning diagnostics
split(1)
split a file into pieces
splitfont(1)
extract characters from an ISO-type font.
sprof(1)
read and display shared object profiling data
sputoppm(1)
convert an Atari uncompressed Spectrum file into a por...
src2man(1)
extract man pages from source files.
ssh(1)
OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
ssh-add(1)
adds private key identities to the authentication agent
ssh-agent(1)
authentication agent
ssh-argv0(1)
replaces the old ssh command-name as hostname handling
ssh-copy-id(1)
use locally available keys to authorise logins on a re...
ssh-keygen(1)
authentication key generation, management and conversion
ssh-keyscan(1)
gather ssh public keys
sshfs(1)
filesystem client based on ssh
st4topgm(1)
convert an SBIG ST4 format file into a portable graymap
stat(1)
display file or file system status
stdbuf(1)
Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for it...
stream(1)
a lightweight tool to stream one or more pixel compone...
stream-im6(1)
a lightweight tool to stream one or more pixel compone...
strings(1)
print the strings of printable characters in files.
strip(1)
Discard symbols from object files.
stty(1)
change and print terminal line settings
su(1)
change user ID or become superuser
sum(1)
checksum and count the blocks in a file
symcryptrun(1)
Call a simple symmetric encryption tool
sync(1)
flush file system buffers
syslinux(1)
install the SYSLINUX bootloader on a FAT filesystem
systemctl(1)
Control the systemd system and service manager
systemd(1)
systemd system and service manager
systemd-analyze(1)
Analyze system boot-up performance
systemd-ask-password(1)
Query the user for a system password
systemd-bootchart(1)
Boot performance graphing tool
systemd-cat(1)
Connect a pipeline or program's output with the journal
systemd-cgls(1)
Recursively show control group contents
systemd-cgtop(1)
Show top control groups by their resource usage
systemd-delta(1)
Find overridden configuration files
systemd-detect-virt(1)
Detect execution in a virtualized environment
systemd-escape(1)
Escape strings for usage in system unit names
systemd-inhibit(1)
Execute a program with an inhibition lock taken
systemd-machine-id-setup(1)
Initialize the machine ID in /etc/machine-id
systemd-notify(1)
Notify service manager about start-up completion and o...
systemd-nspawn(1)
Spawn a namespace container for debugging, testing and...
systemd-path(1)
List and query system and user paths
systemd-run(1)
Run programs in transient scope or service units
systemd-tty-ask-password-agent(1)
List or process pending systemd password...

T

tabs(1)
set tabs on a terminal
tac(1)
concatenate and print files in reverse
tail(1)
output the last part of files
tailf(1)
follow the growth of a log file
talk(1)
A multi-user chat program.
tar(1)
The GNU version of the tar archiving utility
tarcat(1)
concatenates the pieces of a GNU tar multi-volume archive
taskset(1)
retrieve or set a process's CPU affinity
tbl(1)
format tables for troff
tclsh8.6(1)
Simple shell containing Tcl interpreter
tcsh(1)
C shell with file name completion and command line edi...
tee(1)
read from standard input and write to standard output ...
telnet(1)
user interface to the TELNET protocol
telnet.netkit(1)
user interface to the TELNET protocol
tempfile(1)
create a temporary file in a safe manner
tesseract(1)
command-line OCR engine
test(1)
check file types and compare values
testmxlookup(1)
Look up mail relays for a domain
testrb(1)
Automatic runnter for Test::Unit of Ruby
testrb2.1(1)
Automatic runnter for Test::Unit of Ruby
texi2any(1)
translate Texinfo documents
texi2dvi(1)
convert Texinfo documents to DVI or PDF
texi2pdf(1)
convert Texinfo documents to DVI or PDF
texindex(1)
sort Texinfo index files
tgatoppm(1)
convert TrueVision Targa file into a portable pixmap
tgz(1)
makes a gzip'd tar archive
thinkjettopbm(1)
convert HP ThinkJet printer commands file to PBM
tic(1)
the terminfo entry-description compiler
tifftopnm(1)
convert a TIFF file into a portable anymap
timedatectl(1)
Control the system time and date
timeout(1)
run a command with a time limit
tknewsbiff(1)
pop up a window when news appears
tload(1)
graphic representation of system load average
todos(1)
Converts text files between DOS and Unix formats.
toe(1)
table of (terminfo) entries
top(1)
display Linux processes
touch(1)
change file timestamps
tput(1)
initialize a terminal or query terminfo database
tr(1)
translate or delete characters
traceproto(1)
print the route packets trace to network host
traceproto.db(1)
print the route packets trace to network host
traceroute(1)
print the route packets trace to network host
traceroute-nanog(1)
print the route packets trace to network host
traceroute.db(1)
print the route packets trace to network host
traceroute6.db(1)
print the route packets trace to network host
trans(1)
Google Translate served as a command-line tool
translate(1)
looks up for words in a dictionary
traptoemail(1)
snmptrapd handler script to convert snmp traps into em...
troff(1)
the troff processor of the groff text formatting system
true(1)
do nothing, successfully
truncate(1)
shrink or extend the size of a file to the specified size
ts(1ssl)
Time Stamping Authority tool (client/server)
tset(1)
terminal initialization
tsget(1ssl)
Time Stamping HTTP/HTTPS client
tsort(1)
perform topological sort
tty(1)
print the file name of the terminal connected to stand...
txt2man(1)
convert flat ASCII text to man page format
tzselect(1)
view timezones

U

ucf(1)
Update Configuration File: preserve user changes in co...
ucfq(1)
query the ucf database
ucfr(1)
Update Configuration File Registry: associate packages...
udisks(1)
udisks command line tool
udisks-tcp-bridge(1)
udisks TCP/IP bridge
udisksctl(1)
The udisks command line tool
ufraw-batch(1)
Convert camera RAW images to standard image files.
ul(1)
do underlining
ulockmgr_server(1)
Lock Manager Server for FUSE filesystems
uml_mconsole(1)
attach to the management console of a user-mode Linux ...
uml_mkcow(1)
create a new COW file
uml_moo(1)
merge a COW file with its backing file
uml_mount(1)
allows to mount UMLFS file system using the fuse libra...
uml_switch(1)
switch daemon for user-mode Linux
uname(1)
print system information
unar(1)
extract archive file contents
unbuffer(1)
unbuffer output
uncompress(1)
compress or expand files
unexpand(1)
convert spaces to tabs
unicharset_extractor(1)
extract unicharset from Tesseract boxfiles
unicode_start(1)
put keyboard and console in unicode mode
unicode_stop(1)
revert keyboard and console from unicode mode
uniq(1)
report or omit repeated lines
unixcmd(1)
Simple remote command for unix sockets
unixterm(1)
(simple) Remote terminal for unix sockets
unlink(1)
call the unlink function to remove the specified file
unlzma(1)
LZMA compression and decompression tool
unshar(1)
unpack a shar archive
unshare(1)
run program with some namespaces unshared from parent
unxz(1)
Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
unzip(1)
list, test and extract compressed files in a ZIP archive
unzipsfx(1)
self-extracting stub for prepending to ZIP archives
update-mime-database(1)
a program to build the Shared MIME-Info database c...
uptime(1)
Tell how long the system has been running.
usb-devices(1)
print USB device details
users(1)
print the user names of users currently logged in to t...
utmpdump(1)
dump UTMP and WTMP files in raw format
uudecode(1)
decode an encoded file
uuencode(1)
encode a file into email friendly text
uuidgen(1)
create a new UUID value
uz(1)
gunzips and extracts a gzip'd tar'd archive

V

vbetool(1)
run real-mode video BIOS code to alter hardware state
vde_autolink(1)
automatically create and maintain vde connections
vde_l3(1)
Virtual Distributed Ethernet 'Layer 3' Switch.
vde_over_ns(1)
Steganographic cable over NS protocol for Virtual Dist...
vde_pcapplug(1)
Virtual Distributed Ethernet libpcap cable
vde_plug(1)
Virtual Distributed Ethernet plug (two plugs creates a...
vde_plug2tap(1)
Virtual Distributed Ethernet plug-to-tap
vde_switch(1)
Virtual Distributed Ethernet switch
vdeq(1)
Virtual Distributed Ethernet wrapper for QEMU/KVM virt...
vdetaplib(1)
Virtual Distributed Ethernet tap emulation library
vdeterm(1)
(simple) Remote terminal for vde management sockets
vdir(1)
list directory contents
verify(1ssl)
Utility to verify certificates.
version(1ssl)
print OpenSSL version information
vi(1)
Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
view(1)
Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
vim(1)
Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
vimdiff(1)
edit two, three or four versions of a file with Vim an...
vimtutor(1)
the Vim tutor
volname(1)
return volume name

W

w(1)
Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
w.procps(1)
Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
wall(1)
write a message to all users
watch(1)
execute a program periodically, showing output fullscreen
watchgnupg(1)
Read and print logs from a socket
wbmptopbm(1)
convert a wireless bitmap (wbmp) file to a portable bi...
wc(1)
print newline, word, and byte counts for each file
wftopfa(1)
Convert a Wadalab base font to Postscript .PFA (or .PF...
wget(1)
The non-interactive network downloader.
whatis(1)
display one-line manual page descriptions
whereis(1)
locate the binary, source, and manual page files for a...
which(1)
locate a command
whiptail(1)
display dialog boxes from shell scripts
who(1)
show who is logged on
whoami(1)
print effective userid
whois(1)
client for the whois directory service
windmc(1)
generates Windows message resources.
winicontoppm(1)
convert a Windows .ico file into 1 or more portable pi...
wirefilter(1)
Wire packet filter for Virtual Distributed Ethernet
word-list-compress(1)
word list compressor/decompressor for GNU Aspell
wordlist2dawg(1)
convert a wordlist to a DAWG for Tesseract
write(1)
send a message to another user
www-browser(1)
a general purpose distributed information browser for ...

X

x509(1ssl)
Certificate display and signing utility
x86_64-linux-gnu-addr2line(1)
convert addresses into file names and line n...
x86_64-linux-gnu-ar(1)
create, modify, and extract from archives
x86_64-linux-gnu-as(1)
the portable GNU assembler.
x86_64-linux-gnu-c++filt(1)
Demangle C++ and Java symbols.
x86_64-linux-gnu-dwp(1)
The DWARF packaging utility
x86_64-linux-gnu-elfedit(1)
Update the ELF header of ELF files.
x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc-ar(1)
a wrapper around ar adding the - plugin option
x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc-nm(1)
a wrapper around nm adding the - plugin option
x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc-ranlib(1)
a wrapper around ranlib adding the - plugin...
x86_64-linux-gnu-gprof(1)
display call graph profile data
x86_64-linux-gnu-ld(1)
The GNU linker
x86_64-linux-gnu-ld.bfd(1)
The GNU linker
x86_64-linux-gnu-ld.gold(1)
The GNU ELF linker
x86_64-linux-gnu-nm(1)
list symbols from object files
x86_64-linux-gnu-objcopy(1)
copy and translate object files
x86_64-linux-gnu-objdump(1)
display information from object files.
x86_64-linux-gnu-ranlib(1)
generate index to archive.
x86_64-linux-gnu-readelf(1)
Displays information about ELF files.
x86_64-linux-gnu-size(1)
list section sizes and total size.
x86_64-linux-gnu-strings(1)
print the strings of printable characters in f...
x86_64-linux-gnu-strip(1)
Discard symbols from object files.
xargs(1)
build and execute command lines from standard input
xbmtopbm(1)
convert an X11 or X10 bitmap into a portable bitmap
xdg-desktop-icon(1)
command line tool for (un)installing icons to the desktop
xdg-desktop-menu(1)
command line tool for (un)installing desktop menu items
xdg-email(1)
command line tool for sending mail using the user's pr...
xdg-icon-resource(1)
command line tool for (un)installing icon resources
xdg-mime(1)
command line tool for querying information about file ...
xdg-open(1)
opens a file or URL in the user's preferred application
xdg-screensaver(1)
command line tool for controlling the screensaver
xdg-settings(1)
get various settings from the desktop environment
xdg-user-dir(1)
Find an XDG user dir
xdg-user-dirs-update(1)
Update XDG user dir configuration
xgettext(1)
extract gettext strings from source
ximtoppm(1)
convert an Xim file into a portable pixmap
xkibitz(1)
allow multiple people to interact in an xterm
xml2(1)
convert xml documents in a flat format
xmlcatalog(1)
Command line tool to parse and manipulate XML or SGML ...
xmllint(1)
command line XML tool
xmlparse(1)
error-check and validate XML documents
xmlwf(1)
Determines if an XML document is well-formed
xpmtoppm(1)
convert an X11 pixmap into a portable pixmap
xsubpp(1)
compiler to convert Perl XS code into C code
xvminitoppm(1)
convert a XV "thumbnail" picture to PPM
xwdtopnm(1)
convert a X11 or X10 window dump file into a portable ...
xxd(1)
make a hexdump or do the reverse.
xz(1)
Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
xzcat(1)
Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
xzcmp(1)
compare compressed files
xzdiff(1)
compare compressed files
xzegrep(1)
search compressed files for a regular expression
xzfgrep(1)
search compressed files for a regular expression
xzgrep(1)
search compressed files for a regular expression
xzless(1)
view xz or lzma compressed (text) files
xzmore(1)
view xz or lzma compressed (text) files

Y

yacc(1)
GNU Project parser generator
ybmtopbm(1)
convert a Bennet Yee "face" file into a portable bitmap
yes(1)
output a string repeatedly until killed
youtube-dl(1)
download videos from youtube.com or other video platforms
ypdomainname(1)
show or set the system's NIS/YP domain name
ytalk(1)
A multi-user chat program.
yuvsplittoppm(1)
convert a Y- and a U- and a V-file into a portable pixmap
yuvtoppm(1)
convert Abekas YUV bytes into a portable pixmap

Z

zcat(1)
compress or expand files
zcmp(1)
compare compressed files
zdiff(1)
compare compressed files
zegrep(1)
search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zeisstopnm(1)
convert a Zeiss confocal file into a portable anymap
zfgrep(1)
search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zforce(1)
force a '.gz' extension on all gzip files
zgrep(1)
search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zip(1)
package and compress (archive) files
zipcloak(1)
encrypt entries in a zipfile
zipdetails(1)
display the internal structure of zip files
zipgrep(1)
search files in a ZIP archive for lines matching a pat...
zipinfo(1)
list detailed information about a ZIP archive
zipnote(1)
write the comments in zipfile to stdout, edit comments...
zipsplit(1)
split a zipfile into smaller zipfiles
zless(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
zmore(1)
file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
znew(1)
recompress .Z files to .gz files
zsoelim(1)
satisfy .so requests in roff input

[

[(1)
check file types and compare values

2 4 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [